ArtLex Art Dictionary


aangel - In Jewish, Christian, and Islamic belief, a supernatural being placed between God and humans. The Christian hierarchy has nine orders: seraphim, cherabim, thrones (who contemplate God and reflect his glory), dominations, virtues, powers (who regulate the stars and the universe), principalities, archangels, and angels (who minister to humanity).




see thumbnail to rightByzantine (Constantinople or Sinai?), second half of the 13th century, Icon with the Archangel Gabriel, tempera and gold on wood panel with raised borders, 105 x 75 cm (41 3/8 x 29 1/2 inches), Holy Monastery of Saint Catherine, Sinai, Egypt. One of the masterpieces of Byzantine art, this icon shows the archangel Gabriel as a youth of extreme beauty. His graceful posture and harmonious gestures, along with the calmness of his face, are evocative of classical art. The figure wears a light green tunic and a himation covered with golden highlights. According to the eleventh-century writer Michael Psellos, a fillet such as that around the curly hair signifies the purity, chastity, and incorruptibility of the angels. Gabriel's function as a messenger is indicated by the walking staff he holds in his left hand, while he makes a gesture of adoration and supplication with his right hand. This icon was part of a larger group, very likely forming a deesis.



see thumbnail to leftByzantine (Constantinople), late 13th - early 14th century, Capital with Bust of the Archangel Michael, marble, 25.4 x 17.1 x 10.6 cm (10 x 6 3/4 x 4 1/8 inches), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See capital.



see thumbnail to rightNorth Italian Painter, first quarter 14th century, Two Angels, fresco; (the one shown) 23 3/8 x 31 1/2 inches (59.4 x 80 cm); (the second) 23 1/2 x 31 1/2 inches (59.7 x 80 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.



see thumbnail to leftJean Barbet (French, active 1475­d.1514), Angel, 1475, bronze, height with wings 46 11/16 inches (118.6 cm), Frick Collection, NY. Inscribed in Gothic characters running vertically on the inside of the left wing: le xxviii jour de mars / lan mil cccc lx+xv jehan barbet dit de lion fist cest angelot





see thumbnail to rightMelozzo Da Forli (Italian, 1438-1494), Music-Making Angel (Angel with a Lute), fresco, c. 1480, Vatican, Italy. See music.




see thumbnail to leftMelozzo Da Forli, Music-Making Angel (Angel with a Violin), fresco, c. 1480, Vatican, Italy.





see thumbnail to rightAnnibale Fontana (Italian, Milan, 1540[?]-87), Adoring Angel, 1583-84, wax with metal armature on wood base, height (with base) 21 3/4 inches (55.2 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art.




see thumbnail to leftGianlorenzo Bernini (Italian, 1598-1680), Angel Holding the Superscription (Standing Angel with Scroll), 1667-68, terra cotta, height 11 9/16 inches (29.4 cm), Fogg Art Museum, Harvard U, MA. The "superscription" is the notice (sometimes called a titulus) reading "INRI" posted over the head of Christ when crucified. These initials stand for the Latin words for "Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews." See Baroque, crucifix, inscription, and scroll.





see thumbnail to rightGerman, Adoring Angel, c. 1735-60, polychromed and gilded wood, 41 1/4 x 31 inches (104.7 x 78.7 cm), North Carolina Art Museum, Raleigh. See German art.



see thumbnail to leftRebecca Coleman (American artist), Raphael Tuck Company (publisher), A Glad New Year, Good Angels Guard Thee, a chromolithographed greeting card for the 1881-2 holiday season. This card's design was one of seven derived from a series of seven paintings by Coleman titled "Angel's Heads". The cards were very popular. On each of the seven designs, Tuck added a different message and verse. The verse on the back of this card:

I stand in the New Year light
And I look towards the Sun,
And I see through the aether bright
& fair, and Angelic one!
Tis Hope, tis the Morning Star! -
The angel of Days To Be!
To the gleam of its wings afar
turn, and I hope, for thee!

Eden Hooper




see thumbnail to rightAbbott Handerson Thayer (American, 1849-1921), Angel, 1889, oil on canvas, 36 1/4 x 29 1/8 inches (92.0 x 71.5 cm), National Museum of American Art, Washington, DC.



see thumbnail to leftAntony Gormley (English, 1950-), A Case for an Angel III, 1990, lead sheet, fiberglass, plaster and steel, 197.0 x 526.0 x 35.0 cm, Tate Gallery, London.



see thumbnail to rightAntony Gormley, The Angel of the North, 1997-98, Cor-ten steel, height 20 m (65 feet), width of wingspan 54 m (175 feet), on a hilltop near the A1 in Gateshead and Newcastle Upon Tyne in the North East of England. It is the largest sculpture in the United Kingdom. See several pages about The Angel of the North.




Also see beauty, bookplate, ideal, mythology, and statue.




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