ArtLex Art Dictionary




aart conservation - Preservation from loss, damage, or neglect, stabilizing chemically and structurally, sustaining the survival of objects as long as possible in what is closest to their original form. The application of science to the examination and treatment of objects, and to the study of the environments in which they are placed — used, transported, and stored.

What differentiates art conservation from art restoration is the conservator's avoidance of adding anything to an object that cannot be easily removed or identified. Some also address restoration and other issues involving museology.

Among the most significant and controversial recent efforts of art conservation have been the cleaning of Michelangelo's fresco on the Sistine Chapel ceiling and of his marble sculptures, and similar work on art by Leonardo and other Renaissance artists.


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Also see acid free, acid migration, archival image, blot, camphor flakes, cleavage, climate control, condensation, ephemera, forgery, fragment, hygrothermograph, inert, infrared reflectography (IR) and reflectogram, Japanese mending tissue, polyethylene, radiograph, reversible, stain and stain removal, storage, and thymol.





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