camera - In photography, a tool for producing photographs, having a lightproof enclosure with an aperture and a shuttered lens through which the image of an object is focused and recorded on a photosensitive film or plate.
In video, a device that receives the primary image on a light-sensitive cathode tube and transforms it into electrical impulses.
Examples of cameras:
Adolphe Bertsch (Paris, France), Chambre Automatique de Bertsch, c. 1861, the first sub-miniature camera, Eastman Kodak House, Rochester, NY. The small fitted box contained not only the camera but all the plates and chemicals needed to make a wet plate negative.
Maison Dubroni (Paris, France), manufacturer, Jules Bourdin, inventor, Dubroni Camera, Apparatus No. 2 , 1864, wet plate camera with in-camera processing, Darlot Petzval Portrait lens, George Eastman House, Rochester, NY. The Dubroni was the first camera to feature a system of integral processing. The plates were sensitized, developed, and fixed within the camera inside a glass bottle that was part of the camera body.
The Kodak Box Camera, introduced in 1888. It was made for the Eastman Dry Plate company by Frank Brownell. This was the first camera to use roll film. It came factory loaded with 100 exposures. These early Kodak cameras took round pictures.
Also see camcorder, camera lucida, camera obscura, camera-ready, mirror, and monitor, pan, panning shot, telephoto, telephoto lens, telephoto shot, tracking shot, wide-angle lens, wide-angle shot, and zooming.