Expressionism - (with a capital E the more specific sense) An art movement dominant in Germany from 1905-1925, especially Die Brücke and Der Blaue Reiter, which are usually referred to as German Expressionism, anticipated by Francisco de Goya y Lucientes (Spanish, 1746-1828), Vincent van Gogh (Dutch, 1853-1890), Paul Gauguin (French, 1848-1903) and others.

 

 

Examples of Expressionist works:

Listed chronologically by artist's birth year

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Antonio Gaudi (Spanish, 1852-1926), Sagrada Familia (Church of the Holy Family), masonry, not completed during Gaudi's lifetime and not completed today, though construction continues. The style of this architect's work is expressionistic.

 

see thumbnail to leftJames Ensor (Belgian, 1860-1949), Christ's Entry into Brussels in 1889, 1888, oil on canvas, 99 1/2 x 169 1/2 inches (252.5 x 430.5 cm), J. Paul Getty Museum, Malibu, CA. Ensor was a forerunner of Expressionism and Surrealism.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightJames Ensor, Death Chasing the Flock of Mortals, 1896, drypoint and etching, plate: 9 7/16 x 7 3/16 inches (23.9 x 18.2 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftJames Ensor, Marriage des masques (Marriage of the Masks), 1910, oil on canvas, 50.5 x 61 cm.

 

 

 

Edvard Munch (Norwegian, 1863-1944) The Scream, 1893, oil and tempera on board, National Gallery, Oslo.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftEdvard Munch, The Storm (Storm), 1893, oil on canvas, 36 1/8 x 51 1/2 inches (91.8 x 130.8 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightEdvard Munch, Madonna, 1895-1902, lithograph and woodcut, complete: 23 3/4 x 17 1/2 inches (60.5 x 44.5 cm), edition: c. 250, Museum of Modern Art, NY. This was exhibited in the Armory Show of 1913. See Madonna and Symbolism.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftEdvard Munch, Count Harry Kessler, 1906, oil on canvas, Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin. Harry Kessler was a German patron of avant-garde art and design who died in 1937. See portrait.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightEdvard Munch, The Sick Child, 1907, oil on canvas, 118.7 x 121.0 cm, Tate Gallery, London.

 

 

Käthe Kollwitz (German, 1867-1945), Selbstibildnis am Tisch, II. Fassung (Self-Portrait at the Table, Second Version), c. 1893, etching and aquatint, image 18 x 12.6 cm; sheet 45 x 31.5 cm, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA. See feminism and feminist art, German art, and self-portrait.

 

 

Käthe Kollwitz, Ende (End), from the series, A Weavers' Rebellion, 1898, mixed intaglio methods, 245 x 305 mm, Spencer Museum, KS. Click here for a 77 k image.

 

 

Käthe Kollwitz, Selbstbildnis mit der Hand an der Stirn (Self-Portrait with Hand on the Forehead), 1910, etching, plate 15.5 x 13.8 cm, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.

 

 

Käthe Kollwitz, Kleines Selbstbildnis (Small Self-Portrait), 1920, lithograph, sheet 32.4 x 24 cm; image 23.5 x 20 cm, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.

 

 

Käthe Kollwitz, Selbstbildnis (Self-Portrait), 1921, etching on paper, plate 8 1/2 x 10 1/2 inches (21.7 x 26.8 cm), National Museum of Women in the Arts, Washington, DC.

 

 

Käthe Kollwitz, Kleines Selbstbildnis nach links (Small Self-Portrait from the left) (2nd version), 1922, lithograph, image 19 x 12.5 cm; sheet 34.6 x 25 cm, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.

 

 

Käthe Kollwitz, Selbstbildnis von vorn (Self-Portrait from the Front), 1923, woodcut, image 15 x 15.6 cm, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.

 

 

Käthe Kollwitz, Selbstbildnis im Profil nach Rechts (Self-Portrait in Profile to the Right), 1938, lithograph, image 47.9 x 29.4 cm; sheet 65.1 x 49.2 cm, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.

 

 

Emil Nolde (German, 1867-1956), E.N. (Selbstporträt) (E. N. (Self-Portrait)), 1908, etching with tonal effects on iron, image 30.8 x 23.5 cm, printer, Otto Felsing, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA. See Die Brücke and self-portrait.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftEmil Nolde (German, 1867-1956), Prophet, 1912, woodcut, edition of 20-30, 12 5/8 x 8 3/4 inches (32.1 x 22.2 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightEmil Nolde, The Three Kings, 1913, color lithograph, 24 1/4 x 21 inches (64.5 x 53.6 cm), Cincinnati Art Museum, OH. See Expressionism.

 

 

Ernst Barlach (German, 1870-1938). Also see degenerate.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftGeorges Rouault (French, 1871-1958), Slaughter, 1905, watercolor, gouache and India ink on paper, 52 x 66.3 cm, Georges Pompidou Center, Paris.

 

 

Georges Rouault, Woman at a Mirror, 1906, watercolor on cardboard, 70 x 55.5 cm, Georges Pompidou Center, Paris.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightGeorges Rouault, Parade, c. 1907-1910, watercolor and oil on paper mounted on canvas, 65 x 100 cm, Georges Pompidou Center, Paris.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftGeorges Rouault, Nude Back, 1910, oil on paper mounted on canvas, 72 x 57 cm, Georges Pompidou Center, Paris. See nude.

 

see thumbnail to rightGeorges Rouault, The Crucifixion, 1920-1925, multimedia on paper and canvas, 39 1/2 x 29 1/2 inches, Minneapolis Institute of Arts.

 

 

Georges Rouault, Self-Portrait, c. 1928, color lithograph, image 34.9 x 24.8 cm; sheet 56.2 x 41.7 cm, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightGeorges Rouault, Pierrot Reclining, 1932, oil on paper mounted on canvas, 65 x 100 cm, Georges Pompidou Center, Paris.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftPaula Modersohn-Becker (German, 1876-1907), Self-Portrait, Half-Figure with Amber Necklace II (Selbstbildnis als Halbakt mit Bernsteinkette II), Summer of 1906, oil on canvas, 61 x 50 cm, Kunstmuseum, Basel, Switzerland. See feminism and feminist art.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightMarsden Hartley (American, 1877-1943), Portrait of a German Officer, 1914, oil on canvas, 68 1/4 x 41 3/8 inches (173.4 x 105.1 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftErnst Ludwig Kirchner (German, 1880-1938), Street, Dresden, 1908 (dated on painting 1907), oil on canvas, 59 1/4 inches x 6 feet 6 7/8 inches (150.5 x 200.4 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightErnst Ludwig Kirchner, Bathers at Moritzburgm, 1909 / 26, oil on canvas, 151.1 x 199.7 cm, Tate Gallery, London. See Die Brücke.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftErnst Ludwig Kirchner, Bathers Throwing Reeds, from the portfolio Brücke V, 1909-10, woodcut, complete: 7 7/8 x 11 1/2 inches (20 x 29.2 cm). Publisher: Künstlergruppe Brücke, Dresden; edition: c. 68.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightErnst Ludwig Kirchner, Seated Woman, 1910-1920, oil on canvas, 35 7/8 x 31 3/4 inches, Minneapolis Institute of Arts.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftErnst Ludwig Kirchner, The Belle-Alliance-Platz in Berlin, 1914, oil on canvas, 200 x 150 cm, Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightErnst Ludwig Kirchner, Dresden: Schlossplatz, 1926, oil on canvas, 47 1/4 x 59 inches, Minneapolis Institute of Arts.

 

see thumbnail to leftErnst Ludwig Kirchner, Bern with Belltower, 1935, oil on canvas, 27 3/4 x 31 3/4 inches, Minneapolis Institute of Arts.

 

 

Max Pechstein (German, 1881-1955), Early Morning, 1914, oil on canvas, 32 1/4 x 39 3/4 inches, Portland Art Museum, ME. See secession.

 

 

Max Pechstein, Selbstbildnis mit Pfeife (Raucher) (Self-Portrait with Pipe (Smoker)), from Die Schaffenden (Weimar, 1924), 1921, woodcut, image 34 x 28 cm, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA. See self-portrait.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightMax Pechstein, Dancer Reflected in a Mirror, 1923, woodcut, edition of 51, 19 9/19 x 15 3/4 inches (49.6 x 40 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY. Publisher: Euphorian Verlag, Berlin. See mirror.

 

see thumbnail to leftErich Heckel (German, 1883-1970), Bildnis E.H. (Self-Portrait), 1917, woodcut, image 36.4 x 29.5 cm; sheet 61.6 x 50.7 cm, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA. See Die Brücke and self-portrait.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightMax Beckmann (German, 1884-1950), The Feast of the Prodigal Son, 1918, gouache and pencil on parchment, 14 1/4 x 11 3/4 inches (36.1 x 29.7 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftMax Beckmann, Carnival (Fastnacht), 1920, oil on canvas, 186.4 x 91.8 cm, Tate Gallery, London.

 

see thumbnail to rightMax Beckmann, The Skaters, 1932, oil on canvas, 50 1/2 x 38 1/2 inches, Minneapolis Institute of Arts.

 

see thumbnail to leftMax Beckmann, Beginning, 1949, oil on canvas, 69 x 125 1/2 inches (175.3 x 318.8 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightKarl Schmidt-Rottluff (German, 1884-1976), Two Women, 1912, oil on canvas, 76.5 x 84.5 cm, Tate Gallery, London. See Die Brücke.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftKarl Schmidt-Rottluff, Pharisees, 1912, oil on canvas, 29 7/8 x 40 1/2 inches (75.9 x 102.9 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

 

Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, Selbstbildnis (Self-Portrait), 1914, woodcut, image 34.9 x 29.7 cm; sheet 57.8 x 45.1 cm, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA. See self-portrait.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightKarl Schmidt-Rottluff, Woman with a Bag, 1915, oil on canvas, 95.2 x 87.3 cm, Tate Gallery, London.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftKarl Schmidt-Rottluff, Male Head, 1917, wood, 34.3 x 13.3 x 16.5 cm, Tate Gallery, London.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightKarl Schmidt-Rottluff, Dr. Rosa Schapire, 1919, oil on canvas, 100.6 x 87.3 cm, Tate Gallery, London.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftEgon Schiele (Austrian, 1890-1918), Standing Male Nude with Arm Raised, 1910, watercolor and charcoal on paper, 17 1/2 x 12 1/4 inches (44.5 x 30.8 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightEgon Schiele, Girl with Black Hair, 1911, watercolor and pencil on paper, 22 1/8 x 14 1/2 inches (56.2 x 36.7 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftEgon Schiele, Seated Woman, Back View, 1917, watercolor, gouache and pencil on paper, 18 1/4 x 11 3/4 inches (46.4 x 29.8 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

see thumbnail to rightEgon Schiele, Portrait of Paris von Gütersloh, 1918, oil on canvas, 55 1/8 x 43 7/16 inches, Minneapolis Institute of Arts. See portrait.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftOtto Dix (German, 1891-1969), Erinnerung an die Spiegelsäle von Brüssel (A Memory of the Glass House in Brussels), 1920, oil and glass on a sheet of silver on canvas, 124 x 80.4 cm, Georges Pompidou Center, Paris. This and other works by German artists produced in the years following World War I were called Die neue Sachlichkeit — translated as "the new matter-of-factness," or "the new resignation," or even, "the new blah." Dix, George Grosz [below], Georg Schotz, Otto Griebel, and Heinrich Maria Davringhausen produced paintings of this kind, filled with images of such social decay as prostitution, people maimed by war, corrupt government, business and military leaders. Later, the Nazis included such works among those they called degenerate art. See Dada and ugly.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightOtto Dix, Self-Portrait, 1922, watercolor and pencil on paper, 19 3/8 x 15 1/2 inches (49.2 x 39.3 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY. See self-portrait.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftOtto Dix, Skull from the portfolio War, 1924, etching, impression: "39/70" lower left margin, pencil, artist's hand, Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightOtto Dix, The Journalist Sylvia Von Harden, 1926, oil and tempera on wood, 121 x 89 cm, Georges Pompidou Center, Paris.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftGeorge Grosz (German, worked there and in USA, 1893-1959), Suicide (Selbstmörder), 1916, oil on canvas, 100.0 x 77.5 cm, Tate Gallery, London.

 

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightGeorge Grosz, Fit for Active Service, 1918, ink on paper, 20 x 14 3/8 inches (50.8 x 36.5 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

George Grosz, Remember Uncle August, the Unhappy Inventor, 1919, oil, pencil, paper and five buttons adhered to canvas, 49 x 39.5 cm, Georges Pompidou Center, Paris.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightGeorge Grosz, "The Convict": Monteur John Heartfield after Franz Jung's Attempt to Get Him Up on His Feet, 1920, watercolor, pencil, cut-and-pasted postcards, and halftone relief on paper, 16 1/2 x 12 inches (41.9 x 30.5 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftGeorge Grosz, The Unexpected Guest, 1925, pen and ink, watercolor, gouache on paper, 45.8 cm x 59.8 cm, Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, Iran. See grotesque.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightGeorge Grosz, Circe, 1927, watercolor, ink, and pencil on paper; sheet: 25 7/8 x 19 1/8 inches (65.7 x 48.6cm); frame: 34 1/2 x 27 inches (87.6 x 68.6 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftGeorge Grosz, A Married Couple, 1930, watercolor on paper, 66.0 x 47.3 cm, Tate Gallery, London.

 

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightGeorge Grosz, Punishment, 1934, watercolor on paper, 27 1/2 x 20 1/2 inches (69.8 x 52.1 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftChaïm Soutine (Russian-French, 1893/4-1943), Carcass of Beef, 1926, oil on canvas, 45 3/4 x 31 3/4 inches, Minneapolis Institute of Arts. See Jewish art.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Also see degenerate, expressionism, expressive qualities, and isms and -ism.

 

 

 

 

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