Hudson River School - A group of American landscape painters of the mid-nineteenth century, who took a Romantic approach to depicting the Hudson River Valley, and of the Catskill, Berkshire, and White Mountains, as well as lands further west. As the American frontier moved westward, the Hudson River painters' views of this expanding territory found an enthusiastic audience. Their pictures were often brashly theatrical, embracing moral or literary associations.

Many painters of this school were influenced by their reading of a book, Essay on the Nature and Principles of Taste by Archibald Alison. In his book Alison claims that the beauty and grandeur of unspoiled nature can inspire good moral qualities.

Examples of their works:

Listed chronologically by artist's birth year

 

Use ctrl-F (PC) or command-F (Mac) to search for a name

 

Thomas Birch (American, 1779-1851), The Narrows, New York Bay, 1812, oil on wood panel, 20 x 26 3/4 inches (50.8 x 68 cm), Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.

 

 

Thomas Doughty (American, 1793-1856), Denning's Point, Hudson River, c. 1839, oil on mounted canvas, 24 x 30 inches (60.96 x 76.20 cm), Butler Institute of American Art, Youngstown, OH.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftAsher B. Durand (American, 1796-1886), The Beeches, 1845, oil on canvas, 60 3/8 x 48 1/8 inches (153.4 x 122.2 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightAsher B. Durand, Kindred Spirits, 1849, oil on canvas, 44 x 36 inches. Durand represented the naturalistic strain of the Hudson River School. Kindred Spirits is a portrait in nature of the painter Thomas Cole with his friend, the poet William Cullen Bryant.

 

 

Asher Brown Durand, A River Landscape, 1858, oil on canvas, 32 x 48 inches, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA.

 

 

Thomas Cole (American, 1801-1848), The Subsiding of the Waters of the Deluge, 1829, oil on canvas, 35 3/4 x 47 5/8 inches (90.8 x 121.4 cm), National Museum of American Art, Washington, DC.

 

 

Seth Eastman (American, 1808-1875), Hudson River with a Distant View of West Point (View of the Highlands from West Point), 1834, oil on canvas, 33 x 50 inches (83.82 x 127.00 cm), Butler Institute of American Art, Youngstown, OH.

 

 

John Frederick Kensett (American, 1816-1872), Sunrise among the Rocks of Paradise, Newport, 1859, oil on canvas, 18 x 30 inches (46.1 x 76.2 cm), Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, CA. See Luminism.

 

 

John Frederick Kensett, Rondout Creek, 1862, oil on canvas, New Britain Museum of Art, CT.

 

 

T. P. Rossiter (American, 1818-1871),

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftT. Worthington Whittredge (American, 1820-1910), Fight Below the Battlements, 1849, oil on canvas, Kresge Art Museum. Toward the horizon on the left side of the picture — its deepest portion -- displays Whittredge's use of aerial perspective.

 

 

W. L. Sonntag (American, 1822-1900)

 

 

Jasper Francis Cropsey (American, 1823-1900), Lake Wawayanda, Sussex County, New Jersey, 1870, oil on canvas, New Britain Museum of Art, CT.

 

 

Jasper Francis Cropsey, Sailing (The Hudson at Tappan Zee), 1883, oil on canvas, 14 x 24 inches (35.56 x 60.96 cm), Butler Institute of American Art, Youngstown, OH.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightSanford Robinson Gifford (American, 1823-1880), Kauterskill Clove, 1862, oil on canvas, 48 x 39 7/8 inches (121.9 x 101.3 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

George Inness (American, 1825-1894)

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftFrederic Edwin Church (American, 1826-1900), The Icebergs, 1861, oil on canvas, 64 1/2 x 112 1/2 inches (163.8 x 285.8 cm), Dallas Museum of Art.

 

 

Frederic Edwin Church, In the Andes, 1878, oil on canvas, 15 3/16 x 22 3/16 inches (38.57 x 56.35 cm), Butler Institute of American Art, Youngstown, OH.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightAlbert Bierstadt (American, 1830-1902), The Rocky Mountains, Lander's Peak, 1863, oil on canvas, 73 1/2 x 120 3/4 inches (186.7 x 306.7 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

F.A. Silva (American, 1835-1886)

 

 

Thomas Moran (American, 1837-1926)

 

 

Related Links:

 

 

 

Also see allegory and Luminism.

 

 

 

 

 

ArtLex Art Dictionary

http://www.artlex.com
Copyright © 1996-current year