ArtLex Art Dictionary




krater - A Greek bowl with a wide mouth, two handles and a foot. Kraters were vessels used for mixing wine with water at special meals called banquets or symposia. Kraters were often decorated with scenes of couples dining or relaxing; the scenes on them paralleled those occasions when kraters were actually used.

Sometimes spelled crater, and sometimes called a vase.

Among the other types of Greek vases are the alabastron, amphora, hydria, kantharos, kyathos, kylix, lekythos, oinochoe, pelike, phiale, pinax, pithos, pyxis, and rhyton.




see thumbnail to rightGreece, Attic, attributed to the Hirschfeld Workshop, Krater, c. 750-700 BCE, Geometric, terra cotta, height 42 5/8 inches (108.25 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See Greek art.




see thumbnail to leftAttic Greece, signed by Euxitheos, as potter; signed by Euphronios, as painter; Calyx Krater, c. 515 BCE, Archaic, red-figure, terra cotta, height 18 inches (45.69 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.





see thumbnail to rightGreece, Corinthian? (possibly Magna Graecian), Volute Krater, 400-350 BCE, bronze, height 66 cm, George Ortiz collection. See volute.




see thumbnail to leftGreece, South Italian (Apulian), attributed to the Group of Boston 00.348, Column-krater, c. 360-350 BCE, red-figure terra cotta, height 20 1/4 inches (51.51 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.



South Italy, Apulian, Red-Figure Volute Krater, attributed to the Underworld Painter, Late Classical, c. 330-320 BCE, terra cotta, Michael C. Carlos Museum, Emory U, Atlanta, GA. This vessel is painted with a scene from a now lost play by the great Greek playwrght Euripides, Melanippe the Wise. Gods occupying the upper register, including Artemis, Apollo, Athena, Aphrodite, Eros, and Poseidon, assemble to look down on the action of the play — events in the lives of Melanippe's family. See mythology and volute.





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