NNeo-Impressionism or neo-impressionism - A movement in painting which was an outgrowth of and reaction to Impressionism. It was originated by Georges-Pierre Seurat (French, 1859-1891), who employed a technique called pointillism (also called divisionism, or confettiism), based on the scientific juxtaposition of touches or dots of pure color. His most famous painting is A Sunday on La Grande Jatte, 1884, 1884-1886, oil paint on canvas, in the collection of the Art Institute of Chicago). The brain blends the colors automatically in the involuntary process of optical mixing. Other neo-impressionists include Camille Pissaro (French, 1830-1903), Paul Signac (French, 1863-1935), Theodoor van Rysselberghe (Belgian, 1862-1926), and Henry Edmond Cross (French, 1856-1910).

 

 

Examples:

 

 

see thumbnail to leftGeorges Seurat (born Georges-Pierre Seurat) (French, 1859-1891), The Forest at Pontaubert (Sous-bois à Pontaubert), 1881, oil on canvas, 31 1/8 x 24 5/8 inches (79.1 x 62.5 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightGeorges Seurat, View of the Seine, 1882-83, oil on wood, 6 1/4 x 9 3/4 inches (15.9 x 24.8 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftGeorges Seurat, The Gardener, 1882-83, oil on wood, 6 1/4 x 9 3/4 inches (15.9 x 24.8 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

Georges Seurat, Bathing at Asnières (Une Baignade, Asnières), 1883-1884 (retouched 1887), oil on canvas, 79 x 118 1/2 inches, National Gallery, London.

 

see thumbnail aboveGeorges Seurat, Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte (Un dimanche après-midi à l'Ile de la Grande Jatte), 1884-1886, oil on canvas, 81 x 120 inches, Art Institute of Chicago.

 

 

Georges Seurat, Gray Weather, Grande Jatte, oil on canvas, 27 3/4 x 34 inches (70.5 x 86.4 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftGeorges Seurat, View of Fort Samson, Grandcamp, 1885, oil on canvas, 25 5/8 x 32 inches, Hermitage, St. Petersburg. Formerly Collection of Bernhard Koehler, Berlin.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightGeorges Seurat, Evening, Honfleur, 1886, oil on canvas, 25 3/4 x 32 inches (65.4 x 81.1 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY. See crepuscular.

 

 

Georges Seurat, Entrance to the Port of Honfleur, 1886, oil on canvas, 21 1/4 x 25 5/8 inches (54 x 65 cm), Barnes Foundation, Merion, PA.

 

 

Georges Seurat, The Lighthouse at Honfleur, 1886, oil on canvas, 26 1/4 x 32 1/4 inches (66.7 x 81.9 cm), National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.

 

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftGeorges Seurat, Circus Sideshow (La Parade), 1887-88, oil on canvas, 39 1/4 x 59 inches (99.7 x 149.9 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. (On the Met's page, you can enlarge any detail.)

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightGeorges Seurat, The Models (large version), 1887-1888, oil on canvas, 78 3/4 x 98 3/8 inches, Barnes Foundation, Merion, PA. This painting was exhibited in the influential Armory Show of 1913.

 

 

Georges Seurat, Gray Weather, Grande Jatte, 1888, oil on canvas, 27 3/4 x 34 inches, Philadelphia Museum of Art.

 

see thumbnail to leftGeorges Seurat, Port-en-Bessin, 1888, oil on canvas, 25 1/2 x 32 1/2 inches, Minneapolis Institute of Art.

 

 

Georges Seurat, The Side Show, 1888, oil on canvas, 39 3/4 x 59 1/8 inches, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.

 

 

Georges Seurat, Le chahut, 1889-1890, oil on canvas, 66 1/8 x 55 1/2 inches, Kroller-Muller Museum, Otterlo.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftGeorges Seurat, Young Woman Powdering Herself, 1890, oil on canvas, 37 1/2 x 31 1/4 inches, Courtauld Institute of Art, London.

 

 

Georges Seurat, The Port of Gravelines, 1890, oil on canvas, 28 3/4 x 36 1/2 inches, Indianapolis Museum of Art.

 

 

Georges Seurat, The Circus, 1890-91, oil on canvas, 6 feet 1 inch x 5 feet (185 x 152 cm), Musée d'Orsay, Paris.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightPaul Signac (French, 1863-1935), Snow, Boulevard de Clichy, Paris, 1886, oil on canvas, 18 x 25 3/4 inches, Minneapolis Institute of Arts.

 

 

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftPaul Signac, View of the Port of Marseilles, 1905, oil on canvas, 35 x 45 3/4 inches (88.9 x 116.2 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightPaul Signac, Blessing of the Tuna Fleet at Groix, 1923, oil on canvas, 29 x 36 1/2 inches, Minneapolis Institute of Arts.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftPaul Signac, Lighthouse at La Rochelle, 1925, oil on canvas, 29 1/8 x 36 3/8 inches (74 x 92.4 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

Pablo Picasso (Spanish, 1881-1973), Woman in Spanish Costume, 1917, oil on canvas.

 

 

 

Also see isms and -ism and Segantini stitch.

 

 

 

 

 

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