Photographs by photographers born 1825 - 1849:
Carleton E. Watkins (American, 1829-1916), Bridal Veil, Yosemite, c. 1865-1866, albumen print from wet collodion negative, Cleveland Museum of Art.
Carleton E. Watkins, The Town on the Hill, New Almaden, 1863, depicted: New Almaden, California, United States of America, albumen silver print from glass negative, 39.7 x 52.3 cm (15 5/8 x 20 9/16 inches), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.
Eadweard Muybridge (American, born England, 1830-1904), Animal Locomotion: Leaping Man, c. 1887, Minneapolis Institute of Arts, photographs taken by a series of cameras. Muybridge printed these as sheets of sequenced exposures, although they are displayed here as if projected like a movie — a technological development Muybridge is considered to have pioneered. See Eadweard Muybridge photos reproduced at the "Masters of Photography" site.
Eadweard Muybridge (American, born England, 1830-1904), Animal Locomotion Plate 59: Running Man, c. 1887, Minneapolis Institute of Arts, photographs taken by a series of cameras, as in the example above, only this is how Muybridge actually printed them.
Rev. Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, aka Lewis Carroll (English mathematician and writer [author of Alice In Wonderland ], as well as photographer, 1832-1898), detail of Edith, Lorina and Alice (the Liddell sisters), 1859, the little girl who was the model for the fantasy Alice. A site posting many of his photos.
Timothy O'Sullivan, Black Cañon, From Camp 8, Looking Above, 1871, depicted: Colorado, United States of America, albumen silver print from glass negative, Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.
Timothy H. O'Sullivan (American, born Ireland, 1840-1882), Cañon de Chelle [sic], Walls of the Grand Canon, about 1200 feet in height, from the album "Photographs Geographical Explorations and Surveys West of the 100th Meridian," 1873, published by United States Army Corps of Engineers, 1874, albumen print, 20.1 x 27.6 cm, George Eastman House, Rochester, NY.
Willaim Henry Jackson (American, 1843-1942), Currecanti Needle, Black Cañon of the Gunnison, before 1880, albumen print, Cleveland Museum of Art.
William Henry Jackson. Here's a link to searchable collection of over 25,000 photographs made for an American publisher between 1880 and 1920. It includes 900 large format photos by William Henry Jackson at the Library of Congress.
Thomas Eakins (American, 1844-1916), Thomas Eakins and J. Laurie Wallace, 1883, platinum print, 25.5 x 20.4 cm (10 1/16 x 8 1/16 inches), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See nude and Realism.
Jacob Riis (Danish-American, 1849-1914).
Etienne-Jules Marey (French, 1830-1904) or Georges Demenÿ (French, 1850-1918), Untitled (sprinter), c. 1890-1900, gelatin silver print, 6 1/16 x 14 5/8 inches (15.4 x 37.2 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.
See other examples:
Robert Adamson, Édouard Baldus, Hippolyte Bayard, Louis-Auguste Bisson, Mathew Brady, Julia Margaret Cameron, André-Adolphe-Eugene Disderi, Roger Fenton, Alexander Gardner, Josiah Johnson Hawes, David Octavius Hill, Félix Nadar [Gaspard-Félix Tournachon], Albert Sands Southworth, William Henry Fox Talbot, and Félix Teynard.
Jean Eugene Atget, Jessie Tarbox Beals, Anne W. Brigman, Edward Curtis, Frank Jay Haynes, Lewis W. Hine, Gertrude Stanton Käsebier, August Sander, Edward Steichen, Alfred Stieglitz, and Clarence H. White.
Berenice Abbott, Brassaï, Alvin Langdon Coburn, Imogen Cunningham, Alfred Eisenstaedt, Gertrude Fehr, André Kertész, Dorothea Lange, Jacques-Henri Lartigue, Man Ray, Albert Renger-Patzsch, Alexander Rodchenko, Ben Shahn, Charles Sheeler, Ralph Steiner, Paul Strand, James Van Der Zee, and Edward Weston.
Ansel Adams, Margaret Bourke-White, Manuel Alvarez Bravo, Henri Cartier-Bresson, Harry Callahan, Robert Capa, Ralston Crawford, Robert Doisneau, Harold Edgerton, Walker Evans, Andreas Feininger, Yevgeni Khaldei, Wright Morris, Arnold Newman, Irving Penn, Aaron Siskind, W. Eugene Smith, Lou Stoumen, and Minor White.
Robert Adams, Diane Nemerov Arbus, Neil A. Armstrong, John Baldessari, Paul Caponigro, William Eggleston, Duane Michals, John Pfahl, Kenneth Snelson, David Hockney, and Joel Peter Witkin.
Becky Cohen, Jan Dibbets, Flor Garduño, Barbara Kruger, Annie Leibovitz, Robert Mapplethorpe, Richard Misrach, Tokihiro Sato, Cindy Sherman, Thomas Struth, and William Wegman.
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Also see Ambrotype, collodion wet plate, daguerreotype, digital photography, paper, photogram, photogravure, photomontage, photon, photorealism, Photoshop, and photoscreen.