Photographs by photographers born 1920 - 1939:
Diane Nemerov Arbus (American, 1923-1971), Screaming Woman with Blood on Her Hands, c. 1958, depicted: New York City, New York, United States of America, gelatin silver print, 18 x 26.6 cm (7 1/16 x 10 1/2 inches), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.
Kenneth Snelson (American, 1927-), Brooklyn Bridge, 1980, gelatin silver print, 15 1/2 x 91 5/15 inches, Cleveland Museum of Art.
John Baldessari (American, 1931-)
Bernhard Becher and Hilla Becher (German, 1931-, and 1934-), Coal Bunkers, 1974, 149.5 x 100.3 cm, Tate Gallery, London.
Bernhard and Hilla Becher, Water Towers (Cylindrical), 1978, composite of nine gelatin silver prints, Milwaukee Art Museum, WI. See cylinder.
Duane Michals (American, 1932-)
Robert Adams (American, 1937-)
David Hockney (English, lives and works in USA, 1937-), Portrait of the Artist's Mother, c. 1985?, photocollage. This is called a photocollage rather than a photomontage, because it is more three-dimensional than a montage tends to be. Hockney reflected extensively on his process of collaging prints taken with a 35 mm camera as connecting to the Cubist sense of multiple angles and especially of movement. These "multiples" (as he called them) convey a strong sense of movement, Hockney argued, in that the viewer must keep readjusting his imagined viewpoint as his gaze travels from print to print. And of course by this means the viewer builds up a single image that is many times wider in angle of view than the camera lens. (The viewing angle of a standard 55mm lens for a 35mm format camera is about 45 degrees. Wide angle lenses increase the angle of view to about 75 degrees without obvious distortion, but the human angle of view, with eye movement, is about 180 degrees.) This portrait of Hockney's mother illustrates the technique at close range. See collage.
William Eggleston (American, 1939-)
John Pfahl (American, 1939-), Triangle, Bermuda, 1975, from the Altered Landscapes portfolio, 22/100, photograph, dye transfer print, 7 1/4 x 9 7/8 inches (18.4 x 25 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art.
Joel Peter Witkin (American, 1939-), Las Meninas (After Velázquez), 1987, photograph. See after.
See other examples:
Robert Adamson, Édouard Baldus, Hippolyte Bayard, Louis-Auguste Bisson, Mathew Brady, Julia Margaret Cameron, André-Adolphe-Eugene Disderi, Roger Fenton, Alexander Gardner, Josiah Johnson Hawes, David Octavius Hill, Félix Nadar [Gaspard-Félix Tournachon], Albert Sands Southworth, William Henry Fox Talbot, and Félix Teynard.
Rev. Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (aka Lewis Carroll), Thomas Eakins, Robert Howlett, Willaim Henry Jackson, Eadweard Muybridge, Timothy H. O'Sullivan, Jacob Riis, H. P. Robinson, and Carleton E. Watkins.
Jean Eugene Atget, Jessie Tarbox Beals, Anne W. Brigman, Edward Curtis, Frank Jay Haynes, Lewis W. Hine, Gertrude Stanton Käsebier, August Sander, Edward Steichen, Alfred Stieglitz, and Clarence H. White.
Berenice Abbott, Brassaï, Alvin Langdon Coburn, Imogen Cunningham, Alfred Eisenstaedt, Gertrude Fehr, André Kertész, Dorothea Lange, Jacques-Henri Lartigue, Man Ray, Albert Renger-Patzsch, Alexander Rodchenko, Ben Shahn, Charles Sheeler, Ralph Steiner, Paul Strand, James Van Der Zee, and Edward Weston.
Ansel Adams, Margaret Bourke-White, Bill Brandt, Manuel Alvarez Bravo, Henri Cartier-Bresson, Harry Callahan, Robert Capa, Ralston Crawford, Robert Doisneau, Harold Edgerton, Walker Evans, Andreas Feininger, Yevgeni Khaldei, Wright Morris, Arnold Newman, Aaron Siskind, W. Eugene Smith, Lou Stoumen, and Minor White.
Becky Cohen, Jan Dibbets, Flor Garduño, Barbara Kruger, Annie Leibovitz, Robert Mapplethorpe, Richard Misrach, Tokihiro Sato, Cindy Sherman, Thomas Struth, and William Wegman.
Return to ArtLex's article on photography.
Also see Ambrotype, collodion wet plate, daguerreotype, digital photography, paper, photogram, photogravure, photomontage, photon, photorealism, Photoshop, and photoscreen.