ArtLex Art Dictionary

 

 

 

EExamples of portraits by artists who were born after 1850:

Listed chronologically by artist's birth year

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see thumbnail to rightVincent van Gogh (Dutch, 1853-1890), Portrait of Joseph Roulin, 1888, reed quill pens and brown ink and black chalk, 12 5/8 x 9 5/8 inches (32 x 24.4 cm), J. Paul Getty Museum, Malibu, CA. See Post-Impressionism, and other van Gogh portraits and self-portraits.

 

 

Vincent van Gogh, Woman Rocking a Cradle (La berceuse), January 1889 (Arles), oil on canvas, 36 1/2 x 29 inches (93 x 74 cm), Philadelphia Museum of Art, F 505.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftJohn Singer Sargent (American, born Italy, 1856-1925), Madame X (Madame Pierre Gautreau), 1883-1884, oil on canvas, 82 1/8 x 43 1/4 inches (208.6 x 109.9 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See Sargent's preparatory Study of Mme Gautreau, c. 1884, oil on canvas, 206.4 x 107.9 cm, Tate Gallery, London. See study.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightJohn Singer Sargent, Ellen Terry as Lady Macbeth, 1889, oil on canvas, 221.0 x 114.3 cm, Tate Gallery, London. See theater.

 

 

John Singer Sargent, Portrait of Mrs. Edward L. Davis and Her Son, Livingston Davis, 1890, oil on canvas, 86 1/8 x 48 1/4 inches (218.7 x 122.5 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art.

 

 

John Singer Sargent, Elizabeth Winthrop Chanler (Mrs. John Jay Chapman), 1893, oil on canvas, 49 3/8 x 40 1/2 inches (25.4 x 102.9 cm), National Museum of American Art, Washington, DC.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftWalter Richard Sickert (English, 1860-1942), Aubrey Beardsley (1872-98), 1894, oil on canvas, 76.2 x 31.1 cm, Tate Gallery, London. Sickert's portrait of Beardsley was reproduced in the reknowned journal of fin de siècle art and literature, The Yellow Book, while Beardsley was its art editor. Beardsley was by then a highly celebrated artist. See aestheticism.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightGustav Klimt (Austrian, 1862-1918), Serena Lederer (died 1943), 1899, oil on canvas, 75 1/8 x 33 5/8 inches (190.8 x 85.4 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See Art Nouveau, Austrian art, emphasis, and secession.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftGustav Klimt, Portrait of Hermine Gallia, 1904, oil on canvas, 170.5 x 96.5 cm, Tate Gallery, London.

 

 

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightGustav Klimt, Mäda Primavesi (born l903), 1912, oil on canvas, 59 x 43 1/2 inches (149.9 x 110.5 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftEdvard Munch (Norwegian, 1863-1944), Count Harry Kessler, 1906, oil on canvas, Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin. Harry Kessler was a German patron of avant-garde art and design who died in 1937. See Expressionism.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightSuzanne Valadon (French, 1867-1938), Portrait of Mme Zamaron, 1922, oil on canvas, 32 1/8 x 25 7/8 inches (81.5 x 65.6 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY. See feminism, feminist art, and French art.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftEdward Sheriff Curtis (American, 1868-1952), Chief Joseph (American, c. 1840-1904), 1903, photogravure, 39.7cm x 28.1 cm (15 5/8 x 11 1/16 inches), National Portrait Gallery, Washington, DC.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightEdward Sheriff Curtis, Geronimo (1829-1909), 1907, photogravure, 39.3cm x 26.9 cm (15 1/2 x 10 9/16 inches),

 

 

see thumbnail to leftHenri Matisse (French, 1869-1954), Green Stripe (Madame Matisse), 1905, oil and tempera on canvas, 15 7/8 x 12 7/8 inches (40.5 x 32.5 cm), Royal Museum of Fine Arts, Copenhagen. See Fauvism.

 

 

Henri Matisse, The Red Madras Headress (Mme Matisse: Madras Rouge), summer 1907, oil on canvas, 39 1/8 x 31 3/4 inches (99.4 x 80.5 cm), Barnes Foundation, Merion, PA.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightFlorine Stettheimer (American, 1871-1944), Portrait of Our Nurse, Margaret Burgess, 1929, oil on canvas, 38 x 26 inches, Minneapolis Institute of Arts.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftKatherine Dreier (American, 1877-1952), Abstract Portrait of Marcel Duchamp, 1918, oil on canvas, Museum of Modern Art, NY. See abstract and Dada.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightMarsden Hartley (American, 1877-1943), Portrait of a German Officer, 1914, oil on canvas, 68 1/4 x 41 3/8 inches (173.4 x 105.1 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. This painting's mystical overtones and freely brushed surface derive from German Expressionism.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftAugustus John (English, 1878-1961), W.B. Yeats, 1907, pencil on paper, 35.3 x 25.3 cm, Tate Gallery, London. The subject is a famous Irish poet. See English art.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightAugustus John, Colonel T.E. Lawrence, 1919, oil on canvas, 80.0 x 59.7 cm, Tate Gallery, London. The subject became famously known as "Lawrence of Arabia."

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftSylvia Gosse (English, 1881-1968), Walter Richard Sickert, 1923-5, oil on canvas, 50.8 x 30.5 cm, Tate Gallery, London.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightPablo Picasso (Spanish, 1881-1972), Portrait of Benet Soler, 1903, oil on canvas, 39 x 27 1/2 inches (100 x 70 cm), Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftPablo Picasso, Gertrude Stein, 1906, oil on canvas, 39 3/8 x 32 inches (100 x 81.3 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. Picasso's reduction of the figure to simple masses and the face to a mask with heavy lidded eyes reflects his recent encounter with African, Roman, and Iberian sculpture and foreshadows his adoption of Cubism. He painted the head, which differs in style from the body and hands, without the model, testimony to the fact that it was his personal vision, rather than empirical reality, that guided him in his work. When someone commented that Stein did not look like her portrait, Picasso replied, "She will."

 

 

see thumbnail to rightCharles Demuth (American, 1883-1935), The Figure 5 in Gold, 1928, oil on cardboard, 35 1/2 x 30 inches (90.2 x 76.2 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. In the 1920's Demuth produced a series of poster-portraits honoring his contemporaries, inspired by Gertrude Stein's word-portraits. The Figure 5 in Gold is the most accomplished of the group. It was dedicated to the artist's friend William Carlos Williams, the American poet whose "The Great Figure" inspired the painting's title and imagery. Demuth's painting, however, is not a representational illustration of the poem but rather an abstract impression of the No. 5 fire engine clanging through the lamp-lit streets of the darkened, rainy city. Scattered words and initials refer to the artist and the poet. See emphasis and text.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftKarl Schmidt-Rottluff (German, 1884-1976), Dr. Rosa Schapire, 1919, oil on canvas, 100.6 x 87.3 cm, Tate Gallery, London. See Expressionism and German art.

 

see thumbnail to rightEgon Schiele (German, 1890-1918), Portrait of Paris von Gütersloh, 1918, oil on canvas, 55 1/8 x 43 7/16 inches, Minneapolis Institute of Arts. See Expressionism and German art.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftOtto Dix (German, 1891-1969), The Journalist Sylvia Von Harden, 1926, oil and tempera on wood, 121 x 89 cm, Georges Pompidou Center, Paris. See Expressionism and German art.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightNorman Rockwell (American, 1894-1978), Richard M. Nixon (1913-1994), thirty-seventh president of the US (1969-1974), 1968, oil on canvas, National Portrait Gallery, Washington, DC.

 

 

Berenice Abbott (American, 1898-1991), Eva le Gallienne, c. 1927, vintage silver print, 3 1/2 x 4 1/2 inches, National Museum of Women in Art, Washington, DC.

 

 

Alice Neel (American, 1900-1984), T.B., Harlem, 1940, oil on canvas, 30 x 30 inches, National Museum of Women in Art, Washington, DC.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftAlberto Giacometti (Swiss, 1901-1966), Jean Genet, 1954-1955, oil on canvas, 73 x 60 cm, Georges Pompidou Center, Paris. See Swiss art.

 

 

Arshile Gorky (American, born Armenia, 1904-1948), The Artist and His Mother, c. 1926-36, oil on canvas, 60 x 50 inches (152.4 x 127 cm), Whitney Museum of American Art, NY. See Abstract Expressionism.

 

 

Francis Bacon (English, 1909-1992)

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftElaine de Kooning (American, 1918- 1989), Fairfield Porter, 1954, oil on canvas, 48 x 31 7/8 inches, Kemper Museum of Contemporary Art, Kansas City, MO.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightLucian Freud (English, 1922-), Francis Bacon, 1952, oil on metal, 17.8 x 12.7 cm, Tate Gallery, London.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftIrving Penn (American, contemporary), Truman Capote, New York, 1965 (print 1986), platinum palladium print, Condé Nast Publications, Inc.

 

 

Alex Katz (American, 1927-)

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightAndy Warhol (American, 1928?1930?-1987 ), Mao, 1973, silkscreen, acrylic on canvas, 448,3 x 346,1 cm, Nationalgalerie, Berlin. See Pop Art.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftGerhard Richter (German, 1932-), Elizabeth I, 1966, lithograph on paper, image: 70.0 x 59.5 cm, Tate Gallery, London.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightChuck Close (American, 1940-), Frank, 1969, acrylic on canvas, 108 x 84 inches, Minneapolis Institute of Arts. Also see grisaille and Photo-Realism.

 

 

Chuck Close, Georgia, 1984, handmade paper, 56 x 45 inches (142.24 x 114.30 cm), Butler Institute of American Art, Youngstown, OH.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftJeff Koons, Michael Jackson and Bubbles, 1988, ceramic, 42 x 70 1/2 x 32 1/2 inches, Broad Art Foundation, Santa Monica, CA. See Neo-Geo.

 

 

Philip Grausman (American, contemporary), Leucantha, 1993, cast aluminum, 1 / 3, 108 x 118 x 118 inches, Grounds For Sculpture, NJ.

 

 


Examples of portraits by artists who were born before those represented above:


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Also see self-portrait.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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