About Paul Cézanne (French, 1839-1906): His early works
were often pictures of
violent and melodramatic subjects
made with thick, dark paint.
Exposed to the work of the Impressionists,
his palette lightened, but he reacted
to the lack of structure
in the Impressionists' paintings by developing a way of using
color to render his images as compositions of planes,
or, as he described it in
a letter to Emile Bernard in 1904, in a kind of empirical geometry of "cylinders,
spheres, and cones."
Because his efforts established the foundation of the modernist
trend toward abstraction,
Cézanne is widely known as the "Father of Modern Art."
Examples of his work:
Paul Cézanne, Portrait of the Artist's Father, c. 1866, oil on canvas, 78 1/8 x 47 inches (198.5 x 119.3 cm), National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
Paul Cézanne, Study: Landscape at Auvers (Etude: Paysage a Auvers), c. 1873, oil on canvas, 18 1/4 x 21 3/4 inches (46.3 x 55.2 cm), Philadelphia Museum of Art. Other Cézanne landscapes.
Paul Cézanne, A Modern Olympia, c. 1873-1874, oil on canvas, 18 x 21 3/4 inches (46 x 55.5 cm), Musée d'Orsay, Paris.
Paul Cézanne, View of the Domain Saint-Joseph (La Colline des pauvres), c. 1877, oil on canvas, 25 5/8 x 32 inches, Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. The Metropolitan Museum of Art purchased this painting from the Parisian art dealer Ambroise Vollard, when it had been exhibited in the Armory Show of 1913.
Paul Cézanne, Hortense Fiquet in a Striped Skirt, 1877-1878, oil on canvas, 28 1/2 x 22 inches (72.5 x 56 cm), Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, V [Venturi no.] 292.
Paul Cézanne, Self-Portrait, 1878-80, oil on canvas, Phillips Collection, Washington, DC.
Paul Cézanne (French, 1839-1906), The Bather, c. 1885, oil on canvas, 50 x 38 1/8 inches (127 x 96.8 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY. Other Cezanne paintings of bathers.
Paul Cézanne, Mont Sainte-Victoire, 1885-1887, oil on canvas, 26 x 35 3/8 inches, Courtauld Institute of Art, London.
Paul Cézanne, Mont Sainte-Victoire, 1885-1887, oil on canvas, 25 3/4 x 32 1/8 inches, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
Paul Cézanne, Chestnut Trees at jas de Bouffan, c. 1885-87, oil on canvas, Minneapolis Institute of Arts.
Paul Cézanne, The Smoker, c.1890-1892, oil on canvas, 36 x 28 inches (92.5 x 73.5 cm), Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Paul Cézanne, Compotier, Pitcher, and Fruit (Nature morte), 1892-1894, oil on canvas, 28 3/4 x 36 1/4 inches (72.5 x 91.8 cm), Barnes Foundation, Merion, Pennsylvania. Other Cezanne still-lifes.
Paul Cézanne, Still Life with Apples and a Pot of Primroses, early 1890s, oil on canvas, 28 3/4 x 36 3/8 inches (73 x 92.4 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. (On the Met's page, you can enlarge any detail.)
Paul Cézanne, Still Life with Apples, 1893-1894, oil on canvas, 25 3/4 x 32 1/8 inches (65.5 x 81.5 cm), J. Paul Getty Museum, Malibu, CA.
Paul Cézanne, Bibemus Quarry, c. 1895, oil on canvas, 25 5/8 x 31 7/8 inches (65.1 x 81 cm), Museum Folkwang, Essen, V 767. Other Cezanne paintings of Bibemus Quarry.
Paul Cézanne, Maison Maria with a View of Château Noir, c. 1895, oil on canvas, 25 5/8 x 31 7/8 inches (65 x 81 cm), Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth, TX.
Paul Cézanne, Foliage, 1895-1900, pencil and watercolor on paper, 17 5/8 x 22 3/8 inches (44.8 x 56.8 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.
Paul Cézanne, Le Mont Sainte-Victoire, c. 1897-1898, oil on canvas, 31 7/8 x 39 1/2 inches (81 x 100.5 cm), Hermitage, St. Petersburg, No. 3K 1395. Formerly collection Bernhard Koehler, Berlin.
Paul Cezanne, Self-Portrait in a Beret (Autoportrait au béret), 1898-1900, oil on canvas, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. See beret.
Paul Cézanne, Portrait of Ambroise Vollard, 1899, oil on canvas, 39 1/2 x 32 inches (100.3 x 81.3 cm), Musee du Petit Palais, Paris, V 696. Other Cezanne portraits.
Paul Cézanne, Still Life, about 1900, watercolor and graphite, 18 15/16 x 24 7/8 inches (48 x 63.1 cm), J. Paul Getty Museum, Malibu, CA. See still life.
Paul Cézanne, Mont Sainte-Victoire Seen from Les Lauves, 1901-1906, pencil and watercolor on paper, 18 7/8 x 12 1/4 inches (48 x 31 cm), private collection. Other paintings of Mt Ste-Victoire.
Also see ArtLex pages about other Post-Impressionists: