ArtLex Art Dictionary

 

 

AAbout Paul Gauguin (French, 1848-1903): Gauguin spent his childhood in Peru, and began painting in 1873, when he was working as a stockbroker in Paris. Although initially enthusiastic about Impressionism, he broke with it by infusing his image with elements from his imagination. His uses of flattened areas of color, and of non-naturalistic colors make him one of the important forebears in the modernist trend toward expressionism. He also pioneered appreciation of the simple and primitive, an interest that led him to Martinique in 1887, Tahiti in 1891-1892 and 1895-1901, and finally to the Marquesa Islands, where he died.

Also see Fauvism and Symbolism.


Examples of his work:

 

 

see thumbnail to rightPaul Gauguin, Still Life with Three Puppies, 1888, oil on canvas, 34 3/4 x 24 5/8 inches (88 x 62.5 cm), Museum of Modern Art, New York. W [catalogue raisonné by George Wildenstein number] 293.

 

 

Paul Gauguin, Les Alyscamps, Arles, 1888, oil on canvas, 35 7/8 x 28 3/8 inches (91 x 72 cm), Musée d'Orsay, Paris. W 307.

 

 

Paul Gauguin, The Swineherd, Brittany, 1888, oil on canvas, 29 x 36 1/2 inches (74 x 93 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftPaul Gauguin, Vision After the Sermon, Jacob Wrestling with the Angel, 1888, oil on canvas, 73 x 92 cm, National Gallery of Scotland. W 245.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightPaul Gauguin, Washerwomen (Les Lavandières à Arles), 1888, oil on canvas, 29 7/8 x 36 1/4 inches (75.9 x 92.1 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

Paul Gauguin, Breton Women at the Gate (Bretonnes a la Barrierre), 1889, zincograph on yellow wove paper, 21.3 x 26.3 cm, Minneapolis Institute of Arts. GU 9. See zincography.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftPaul Gauguin, Portrait of Jacob Meyer de Haan, 1889, watercolor and pencil on paper, sheet: 6 3/8 x 4 1/2 inches (16.2 x 11.4cm), frame: 17 x 14 1/2 inches (43.2 x 36.8 cm), Museum of Modern Art, New York.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightPaul Gauguin, Portrait of Jacob Meyer de Haan, 1889, oil on wood, 31 3/8 x 20 3/8 inches (79.6 x 51.7 cm), Museum of Modern Art, New York.

 

 

Paul Gauguin, The Yellow Christ (Le Christ jaune), 1889, oil on canvas, 36 1/4 x 28 7/8 inches (92.1 x 73.4 cm), Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY. W 327.

 

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftPaul Gauguin, Ia Orana Maria (Hail Mary), 1891, oil on canvas, 44 3/4 x 34 1/2 inches (113.7 x 87.6 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. (On the Met's page, you can enlarge any detail.)

 

see thumbnail to rightPaul Gauguin, Tahitian Landscape, 1891, oil on canvas, 26 3/4 x 36 3/8 inches, Minneapolis Institute of Arts.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftPaul Gauguin, Tahitian Women [On the Beach] (Femmes de Tahiti [Sur la plage]), 1891, oil on canvas, 27 1/8 x 35 7/8 inches (69 x 91 cm), Musée d'Orsay, Paris. W 434.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightPaul Gauguin, Under the Pandanus, 1891, oil on canvas, Dallas Museum of Art.

 

see thumbnail to leftPaul Gauguin, Under the Pandanus, 1891, oil on canvas, 28 3/4 x 36 inches, Minneapolis Institute of Arts.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightPaul Gauguin, Tahitians, c. 1891-93, (depicted Tahiti, made France), charcoal on laid paper, 16 1/8 x 12 1/4 inches (41 x 31.1 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See study.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftPaul Gauguin, Spirit of the Dead Watching, 1892, oil on burlap mounted on canvas, 28 1/2 x 36 3/8 inches (72.4 x 92.4 cm), Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY. W 457.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightPaul Gauguin, The Seed of the Areoi (Te aa no areois), 1892, oil on burlap, 36 1/4 x 28 3/4 inches (92.1 x 72.1 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

Paul Gauguin, Joyousness (Arearea), also known as The Red Dog, 1892, oil on canvas, 75 x 93 cm, Musée d'Orsay, Paris. W 468.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftPaul Gauguin, Portrait of the Artist with the Idol, c. 1893, oil on canvas, 17 1/4 x 12 7/8 inches (43.8 x 32.7 cm), McNay Art Institute, San Antonio, TX.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightPaul Gauguin, Eu Haere ia oe (Woman with a Fruit), 1893, oil on canvas, 36 x 29 inches (92 x 73 cm), Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftPaul Gauguin, The Moon and the Earth, 1893, oil on burlap, 45 x 24 1/2 inches (114.3 x 62.2 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

Paul Gauguin, Breton Peasant Women (Paysannes bretonnes), 1894, oil on canvas, 26 x 36 1/4 inches (66 x 92 cm), Musée d'Orsay, Paris. W 521.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightPaul Gauguin, A Farm in Brittany, probably 1894, oil on canvas, 28 1/2 x 35 5/8 inches (72.4 x 90.5 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

Paul Gauguin, Nave, Nave Moe (Miraculous Source), also known as Sacred Spring, 1894, oil on canvas, 73 x 98 cm, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg. W 512.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftPaul Gauguin, Still Life with Teapot and Fruit, 1896, oil on canvas, 18 3/4 x 26 inches (47.6 x 66 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

Paul Gauguin, Three Tahitian Women, 1896, oil on wood, 9 5/8 x 17 inches (24.4 x 43.2 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightPaul Gauguin, Two Tahitian Women, 1899, oil on canvas, 37 x 28 1/2 inches (94 x 72.4 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

Paul Gauguin, Two Women, 1901 or 1902, oil on canvas, 29 x 36 1/4 inches (73.7 x 92.1 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

The following were not painted by Gauguin, but by followers of Gauguin:

 

 

see thumbnail to rightPierre Girieud (French, 1875-1940), Hommage á Gauguin, 1906, gouache, 19 3/4 x 29 1/2 inches, private collection. This painting was exhibited in the influential Armory Show of 1913.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftStyle of Paul Gauguin (French, late 19th century), Still Life, oil on canvas, 15 1/8 x 18 1/4 inches (38.4 x 46.4 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightStyle of Paul Gauguin (French, late 19th century), Tahitian Landscape, oil on canvas, 25 3/8 x 18 5/8 inches (64.5 x 47.3 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

see thumbnail to leftAttributed to Paulin Jénot (French, active by 1886, died after 1930), Captain Swaton, oil on canvas, 16 1/8 x 13 inches (41 x 33 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

 

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