- In early Modernism, a
French art movement that
immediately followed Impressionism
The artists involved,
usually meaning Paul Cézanne
(French, 1839-1906), Vincent van
Gogh (Dutch, 1853-1890), Paul
Gauguin (French, 1848-1903), and Henri
de Toulouse-Lautrec (French, 1864-1901) showed a greater concern
for expression, structure
and form than did the Impressionist
artists. Building on the works of the Neo-Impressionists, these
artists rejected the emphasis the Impressionists put on naturalism
and the depiction of fleeting
effects of light.
The term was coined by the British art critic and painter, Roger Fry (1866-1934), on the occasion of an exhibit of works by these artists, which he curated in 1910 at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.
Other artists who were involved
in this movement during a portion of their careers were Henri
Matisse (French, 1869-1954), Pablo Picasso (Spanish, 1881-1973)
and George Braque (French, 1882-1963).
See pages about individual Post-Impressionists:
Also see isms and -ism.