ArtLex Art Dictionary




pprint and printmaking - A print is a shape or mark made from a block or plate or other object that is covered with wet color (usually ink) and then pressed onto a flat surface, such as paper or textile. Most prints can be produced over and over again by re-inking the printing block or plate. Printmaking can be done in many ways, including using an engraved block or stone, transfer paper, or a film negative. The making of fine prints is generally included in the graphic arts, while the work of artists whose designs are made to satisfy the needs of more commercial clients are included in graphic design.


see thumbnail to rightGerman, a set of eight woodcuts from the 16th century depict the various parts of the printing trade

first row:
A. Making vellum
B. Making paper
C. Casting type
D. Setting type and working the press

second row:
E. Drawing illustrations

F. Cutting wood blocks
G. Printing the woodcuts
H. Binding books.


To find further discussion of prints and printmaking, with numerous images of examples, see articles on specific printing methods. For instance, see aquatint, aquatint mezzotint, engraving, etching, graphic arts, intaglio, linoleum cut, lithography, mezzotint, monoprint, monotype, photography, serigraphy or silkscreen, woodcut, and wood engraving.



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Also see bookplate, camera-ready, clip art, coated paper, ephemera, frisket, incunabulum, packaging, philately, posthumous, praise, and study.



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