ArtLex Art Dictionary

 

 

 

RRussian art - [Expect a more in-depth article to appear here soon.]

Making generalizations about the visual culture of any group of people is a crude endeavor, especially with a culture as diverse as Russia's. With this thought in mind, know that this survey, as any must be, is tremendously limited in its breadth and depth.

 

the flag of contemporary Russia: horizontal bars of white, blue, and red

 

 

Examples:

 

 

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftRussia, North Caucasus, Maikop Burial Mound, Vessel Decorated with Animals and a 'Landscape', middle of the 3rd millennium BCE, silver, height 9.6 cm, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightRussia, Plaque with the Virgin (and Plaque with St. Mark the Evangelist), 12th century, gold, cloisonné enamel, 3.8 x 3 cm (and 4.5 x 2.9 cm), Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia. See plaque.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftRussia, Novgorod School, St. Nicholas, late 13th-early 14th century, egg tempera on gesso, linen, wood, 107.7 x 79.5 cm, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia. See icon.

 

 

Russia, Northern School, Christ the Almighty, second half of the 13th-14th century, egg tempera on gesso, wood, 65.5 x 41.5 cm, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia. See icon.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightRussia, Novgorod School, The Annunciation, double-sided tablet icon, late 15th-16th century, egg tempera on gesso, linen, wood, gilding, 22.8 x 17.5 cm, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftRussia, Moscow School (?), The Nativity, 16th century, egg tempera on gesso, linen, wood, 56 x 44.5 cm, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightNektary Kulyuksin (Workshop of the Kirillo-Byelozersk Monastery, Archangel, Russia), St. John the Divine in Silence, 1679, egg tempera on gesso, linen, wood, 158.5 x 60.5 cm, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftJohan Adolph Grecke (Russian, recorded 1755-1790, Saint Petersburg), Pair of Flintlock Pistols of Empress Catherine the Great, 1786, steel, ivory, gold, brass, length 14 1/2 inches (36.2 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightOvchinnikov Manufactory, Moscow, Icon of Saints Alexander Nevsky, Titus and Polycarpus, 1879, tempera on panel, silver, enamel, gilt, diamonds, pearls, 128 x 55 cm, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia. See icon.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftIvan Khlebnikov factory, Moscow, Three-Part Icon of Our Lady of Bogolyubsk, with Saints Alexander Nevsky and Mary Magdalene, 1882, tempera on panel, silver, enamel, 54 x 49.2 cm, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightA. I. Tsepkov, St. Nicholas the Miracle Worker and St. Tsarina Alexandra, icon, 1898, wood, tempera, gilt, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftMikhail Matiushin (Russian, 1861-1934), Color in Movement, c. 1920, oil on canvas, 12 x 13 7/8 inches (30.4 x 35.4 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightAlexei Jawlensky (Russian, 1864-1941; worked in Germany and Switzerland), Head, c. 1910?, oil on canvas over cardboard, 16 1/8 x 12 7/8 inches (41 x 32.7 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY. See Der Blaue Reiter.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftWassily Kandinsky (French, born Russia, 1866-1944; naturalized German 1928, French 1939), Nymphenburg, 1901, oil on canvas board, 9 1/2 x 12 3/4 inches, Minneapolis Institute of Arts.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightWassily Kandinsky, Picture with an Archer, 1909, oil on canvas, 68 7/8 x 57 3/8 inches (175 x 144.6 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

Wassily Kandinsky, Impression V (Park), 1911, oil on canvas, 106 x 157.5 cm, Georges Pompidou Center, Paris.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightWassily Kandinsky, Mit dem schwarzen Bogen (With a Black Arc), 1912, oil on canvas, 189 x 198 cm, Georges Pompidou Center, Paris.

 

 

 

Wassily Kandinsky, Bild mit rotem Fleck (Picture with Red Marks), 1914, oil on canvas, 130 x 130 x 0 x 0 cm, Georges Pompidou Center, Paris.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightWassily Kandinsky, Lightly Touching (Leicht Berührt), 1931, oil on canvas, 27 5/8 x 19 1/4 inches (69.9 x 48.8 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY. See Bauhaus.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftIvan Bilibin (Russian, 1876-1942), Ivan the Tsar's Son and the Firebird, 1899, illustration to the fairy-tale "Ivan the Tsar's Son, the Firebird, and the Grey Wolf."

 

 

Ivan Bilibin, The Merchants Visit Tsar Saltan, 1905, illustration to "The Tale of Tsar Saltan" by Pushkin.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightKasimir Malevitch (Russian, 1878-1935), Black Cross, 1915, oil on canvas, 80 x 79.5 cm, Georges Pompidou Center, Paris. See Minimalism.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftKasimir Malevich, Dynamic Suprematism, 1915 or 1916, oil on canvas, 80.3 x 80.0 cm, Tate Gallery, London.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightNatalya S. Goncharova (Russian, 1881-1962), Rayonist Composition, c. 1912-3, pastel on paper, 31.8 x 21.6 cm, Tate Gallery, London. See Rayonism.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftMikhail Larionov (French, born Russia, 1881-1964), Rayonist Composition: Domination of Red, 1912-13, dated on painting 1911, oil on canvas, 20 3/4 x 28 1/2 inches (52.7 x 72.4 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightMichel Larionov, Spring, 1912, oil on canvas, 86.5 x 68.2 cm, Georges Pompidou Center, Paris. See primitive.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftRussian, Literacy is the path to communism, 1920, Gosizdat, publisher, Moscow, lithographed poster, 72 x 54 cm. See propaganda.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightEl Lissitsky (Russian, 1890-1941), Cover for Wendingen, 1921, no. 11, 34 cm, Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. Wendingen was an avant-garde journal, an important outlet for the discussion of contemporary arts in the Netherlands. The first issue of Wendingen was published in 1919. See graphic arts.

 

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightGustav Klucis (aka Kluzis) (Russian, born Latvia, 1895 - c. 1944), Maquette for Radio-Announcer, 1922, construction of painted cardboard, paper, wood, thread, and metal brads, 45 3/4 x 14 1/2 x 14 1/2 inches (106.1 x 36.8 x 36.8 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY. See Constructivism and maquette.

 

 

 

 

Related Links:

 

 

 

Also see agitprop, architecture, costume, design, drawing, ethnic, expressionism, flags of Europe, genre, Jewish art, landscape, lithography, museum, mythology, narrative art, photography, portrait, poster, propaganda, sculpture, seascape, socialist realism, still life, and watercolor, among many other articles.

 

ArtLex Art Dictionary

http://www.artlex.com
Copyright © 1996-current year