ArtLex Art Dictionary




EExamples of sculpture by artists who were born between 1900 and 1939:





see thumbnail to leftAlberto Giacometti (Swiss, 1901-1966), Large Bust, 1956, bronze, 56.5 x 32.5 x 15 cm, Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, Iran.








see thumbnail to rightAlberto Giacometti, Chignon Woman, no date, bronze, Virginia and Herbert Lust. See Surrealism.





Joseph Cornell (American, 1903-1972), Celestial Navigation, n.d., shadow box construction with wood, glasses, marbles, plaster head, painted cork ball, metal rods, nails, paper collage, tempera, and painted glass, 9 5/8 x 16 1/4 x 4 inches (24.4. x 41.3 x 10.2 cm), Whitney Museum of American Art, NY.



see thumbnail to leftSalvador Dalí (Spanish, 1904-1989), Lobster Telephone, 1936, plastic, painted plaster and mixed media, 17.8 x 33.0 x 17.8 cm, Tate Gallery, London. This sculpture is a classic example of the Surrealist practice of juxtaposing otherwise unrelated everyday items. The Surrealists valued the mysterious and provocative effect of such incongruities.



José de Rivera (American, 1904-1985)



Isamu Noguchi (American, 1904-1988)




see thumbnail to rightDavid Smith (American, 1906-1965), Circles and Diamonds, 1951, oil on welded steel, 30 3/4 x 32 x 6 1/2 inches, Kemper Museum of Contemporary Art, Kansas City, MO.



Louise Bourgeois (French-American, 1911-). See feminism and feminist art.



H.C. Westermann (American, 1922-1981). See specific objects.


see thumbnail to leftSir Anthony Caro (English, 1924-), Sculpture Two, 1962, welded and painted steel, 259.0 x 208.0 x 361.0 cm, Tate Gallery, London.



Anthony Caro, Potpourri, 1976-77, welded and steel, 57 x 102 x 134 inches, Grounds For Sculpture, NJ. See English art.



see thumbnail to rightSir Anthony Caro, Emma Dipper, 1977, welded and painted steel, 213.0 x 170.0 x 320.0 cm, Tate Gallery, London.



see thumbnail to leftEduardo Chillida (Spanish, 1924-2002), Modulation of Space I, 1963, iron, 54.6 x 69.8 x 40.0 cm, Tate Gallery, London. See Spanish art.



George Segal (American, 1924-2000), The Dancers, 1971 and 1982, 70 1/2 x 106 x 71 inches, bronze with white patina, National Gallery of Art, Washington. See Jewish art and Pop Art.



Duane Hanson (American, 1925-1996), Young Worker, Norton Museum, West Palm Beach, FL. Hansen's sculptures of human figures are painted cast made from models, to which real body hair is attached, Hansen adding real clothing and props. See Photo-Realism.



Betye Saar (American, 1926-). See feminism and feminist art.


John Chamberlain (American, 1927-), Velvet White, 1962, painted and chromium-plated steel, 80 3/4 x 53 x 49 3/16 inches (205.1 x 134.6 x 124.9 cm) overall, Whitney Museum of American Art, NY. For this and many other sculptures, Chamberlain used junked automobile parts. Although he has also used other kinds of found materials from the industrial environment, such as paper bags, urethane foam, and Plexiglas -- he is best known for his lyrical, evocative assemblages of twisted, crushed metal.



Edward Kienholz (American, 1927-1994)



Donald Judd (American, 1928-1994). See Minimalism.





see thumbnail to rightClaes Oldenburg (Swedish-American, 1929-) and Coosje van Bruggen, Soft Screw, bronze, Norton Museum, West Palm Beach, FL. See Pop Art.



see thumbnail to leftClaes Oldenburg and Coosje van Bruggen (Dutch-American, 1942-), Stake Hitch, 1984, aluminum, steel and urethane foam, 642 x 182 x 534 inches (1630.7 x 462.3 x 1356.4 cm), Dallas Museum of Art. See diagonal and polyurethane.




see thumbnail to rightDaniel Spoerri (Swiss, 1930-), Prose Poems, 1959-60, mixed media on wood, 27 1/.8 x 21 3/.8 x 14 1/4 inches (69.0 x 54.2 x 36.1 cm), Tate Gallery, London -- an actual meal as abandoned on a board. See Fluxus, ontbijt, and rhopography.



Mark di Suvero (American, 1933-).



Dan Flavin (American, 1933-).



Christo [Christo Jarachev] (Bulgarian, 1935-).




see thumbnail to rightDavid Annesley (English, 1936-), Swing Low, 1964, painted steel, 128.3 x 175.9 x 36.8 cm, Tate Modern, London.



William Christenberry (American, 1936-).



Luciano Fabro (Italian, 1936-).




see thumbnail to leftEva Hesse (German-American, 1936-1970), Tomorrow's Apples (5 in White), 1965, enamel, gouache and mixed media on board, 65.4 x 55.6 x 15.9 cm, Tate Gallery, London. See Minimalism and Post-Minimalism.



Eva Hesse, Hang Up, 1966, acrylic on cord and cloth, wood, and steel, 182.9 x 213.4 x 198.1 cm, Art Institute of Chicago.



Eva Hesse, Accession II, 1967, galvanized steel and rubber tubing, 78.1 x 78.1 x 78.1 cm, Detroit Institute of Arts, MI.



see thumbnail to rightEva Hesse, Addendum, 1967, painted papier mâché, wood and cord, 12.4 x 302.9 x 20.6 cm, Tate Gallery, London.




see thumbnail to leftLucas Samaras (American, born Greece, 1936-), Box, 1963, mixed media, 35.0 x 25.5 x 38.0 cm, Tate Gallery, London. See assemblage sculpture and texture.



Red Grooms (American, 1937-).



J. Seward Johnson, Jr. (American, contemporary), Déjeuner Déjà Vu, 1994, cast bronze, painted, 62 x 132 x 360 inches, Grounds For Sculpture, Hamilton, NJ. Johnson's sculpture recreates Édouard Manet's (French, 1832-1883) 1863 painting Luncheon on the Grass (Le Déjeuner sur l'herbe) in three dimensions. This popular sculptor has his own website. See Realism and Impressionism.




see thumbnail to leftGeorg Baselitz (German, 1938-), Untitled, 1982-3, painted wood (lime), 250.0 x 73.0 x 59.0 cm, Tate Modern, London. Although Baselitz is considered a Neo-Expressionist, the rough surfaces of earlier German Expressionism can be seen in this partially chainsawed sculpture carved from a tree trunk.



Robert Smithson (American, 1938-1973). See earth art.



see thumbnail to rightRichard Serra (American, 1939-), Prop, 1968, lead antimony, 97 1/2 x 60 x 43 inches (247.7 x 152.4 x 109.2 cm), Whitney Museum of American Art, NY. See Minimalism.


see thumbnail to leftRichard Serra, Five Plates, Two Poles, 1971, Cor-ten steel, 96 x 276 x 216 inches, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN.



see thumbnail to rightRichard Serra, Tilted Arc, 1981, Cor-ten steel, 12 x 120 feet, New York City. See arc.




see thumbnail to leftRichard Serra, Trip Hammer, 1988, steel, 274.3 x 331.5 x 134.6 cm, Tate Gallery, London.


Examples of sculpture by artists born earlier or later than those represented above:


Also see assemblage, bas-relief, carved, cast, in the round, mold, and relief, as well as articles about various cultures, styles, movements, media, etc.







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