study - A preparatory drawing, related to a sketch.
Leonardo da Vinci (Italian, 1452-1519), Study of drapery of a woman kneeling to left, c. 1477, silverpoint on red surface heightened with white, 25.8 x 19.5 cm, Corsini Gallery, Rome. See drapery.
Leonardo da Vinci, Studies for the Nativity. Verso: Three Geometrical Diagrams and a Caricature of a Head, 1482-92, pen and brown ink, over preliminary sketches in metalpoint, on pink prepared paper; ruled lines added in black chalk or metalpoint; compass hole (recto); three slight geometrical diagrams in the center and a faint caricature of a head in profile to left by the right margin, in pen and brown ink on verso, 7 5/8 x 6 3/8 inches (19.3 x 16.2 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See Renaissance or High Renaissance.
Michelangelo Buonarroti (Italian, 1475-1564), Sheet of Studies for the Libyan Sibyl, 1508-12, red chalk (recto); black chalk (verso); spots of brown wash at lower right of recto; triangular section at right margin replaced, 11 3/8 x 8 7/16 inches (28.9 x 21.4 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.
John Constable (English, 1776-1837), Landscape in the Lake District, pencil and watercolor on paper, 9.1 x 12.0 cm, Tate Gallery, London.
John Constable, Cloud Study, 1822, oil on paper laid on board, 47.6 x 57.5 cm, Tate Gallery, London.
French Painter, about 1816, Study of a Nude Man, oil on canvas, 31 3/4 x 25 1/4 inches (80.6 x 64.1 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. This type of study is known as an academy figure and nude.
Paul Gauguin (French, 1848-1903), Tahitians, c. 1891-93, (depicted Tahiti, made France), charcoal on laid paper, 16 1/8 x 12 1/4 inches (41 x 31.1 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See Post-Impressionism.
John Singer Sargent, Madame X (Madame Pierre Gautreau), 1883-1884, oil on canvas, 82 1/8 x 43 1/4 inches (208.6 x 109.9 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY; in preparation for which, Sargent paintedStudy of Mme Gautreau, c. 1884, oil on canvas, 206.4 x 107.9 cm, Tate Gallery, London. See portrait.
Wassily Kandinsky (Russian, 1866-1944), Study for Improvisation V, 1910, oil on cardboard pulp, 27 5/8 x 27 1/2 inches, Minneapolis Institute of Arts. See abstraction.
Wassily Kandinsky, Impression V (Park), 1911, oil on canvas, 106 x 157.5 cm, Georges Pompidou Center, Paris.
Also see conté crayon, gesture drawing, and sketch.