ttextile - A cloth, usually made by weaving or knitting fiber or yarn; a fabric. Materials might include fibers of raffia, wool, cotton, linen, silk, or synthetics, among others.



Examples:

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftEgypt, Thebes, Sheet of Royal Linen, c. 1466 BCE, Dynasty 18, reign of Hatshepsut 6-7, linen, greatest width 63 3/8 inches (161 cm), greatest length 16 feet 11 inches (515 cm), weight 2.9 ounces (140 g), 118 warp, 77 weft per square inches (46 warp, 30 weft per square cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See Egyptian art.

 

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightRussia, Eastern Altai, Pazyryk Burial Mound 5, Pile Carpet (fragment), 5th-4th centuries BCE, wool, length 183 cm, width 200 cm, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftMongolia, burial mound at Noin-ula, Embroidery with a Benedictory Motif, 1st century BCE, silk, 39.5 x 35.7 cm, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia. See embroidery.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightChina, Silk Panel (fragment), 1st century CE, woven silk, 35 x 184 cm, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia.

 

 

Persia / Iran or Egypt, Sasanian, Textile Fragment, 7th or 8th century CE, wool, cotton, 8 3/4 x 4 1/2 inches (22.2 x 11.4 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftYemen, Tiraz fragment, 10th century CE, cotton, ink, and gold leaf, plain weave with painted decoration, 23 x 16 inches (58.4 x 40.6 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See Islamic art.

 

 

Chinese, Cloth of Gold, after 1220, cloth of gold, lampas weave, silk and gold thread, height 134.5 cm, Cleveland Museum of Art. See Chinese art.

 

 

South America, Central Andes, Central Coast, Chancay, Openwork Headcloth, Late Intermediate Period, 1000-1470 CE, cotton, embroidered square mesh openwork, 32 x 32 inches (81 x 81 cm), Michael C. Carlos Museum, Emory U, Atlanta, GA. See Pre-Columbian art.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightTurkey, Animal Carpet, 14th century, wool, pile weave, wool pile on wool foundation, 85 symmetrical knots per square inch, 60 1/4 x 49 1/2 inches (153.04 x 125.73 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftTurkey, Dragon and Phoenix Carpet, beginning of the 15th century, wool, Museum for Islamic Art, Berlin. This East Asian dragon and phoenix motif arrived in Asia Minor with Mongolian marauders. See Islamic art.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightEgypt, Mamluk, "Simonetti" Carpet, c. 1500, wool, pile weave, wool pile on wool foundation, c. 100 asymmetrical knots per square inch, 29 feet 7 inches x 7 feet 11 1/2 inches (896.62 x 238.76 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

French, Time, c. 1500-1510, tapestry with wool and silk, Cleveland Museum of Art.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftTurkey, Pile Carpet, second half of the 16th century, wool, 331 x 188 cm, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightTurkey, Bursa or Istanbul, Ottoman, Textile fragment, second half of the 16th century, silk and metal thread, a compound weave (satin and twill), 48 x 26 1/2 inches (121.9 x 67.3 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See Islamic art.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftPersia / Iran, Safavid dynasty, Flowering Plant beside a Pond, first half of 17th century, silk: cut, voided satin, velvet, brocaded, Worcester Art Museum, MA. See Islamic art.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightIndia, Mughal dynasty, Reign of Shah Jahan, Tree Rug, first half of the 17th century, wool and cotton, 89 1/2 x 75 1/2 inches (227 x 192 cm), Frick Collection, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftIndia, Mughal dynasty, Reign of Shah Jahan, Carpet with Floral Pattern, first half of the 17th century, wool and cotton, 76 x 46 inches (193.04 x 116.8 cm), Frick Collection, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to rightEngland, Needlework Framed Picture, third quarter of the 17th century, silk on canvas, 13 x 20 1/2 inches (33 x 52.1 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftFrance, Paris, Air, c. 1683, petit point hanging made with silk, wool, metal thread on canvas 316 stitches per square inch, 49 stitches per square cm, 14 feet x 9 feet (426.7 x 274.3 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightSavonnerie Manufactory (Paris, France), Music, c. 1685-1697, XVII century, carpet made with wool Ghiordes knot, 90 knots per square inch, width 16 feet (487.7 cm), length 29 feet 6 inches (899.2 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftFrance, Flounce of Guipure Lace, late 17th-early 18th centuries, linen thread, needlepoint, 60 x 177 cm, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightBelgium, Brussels, Flemish, Lace: Rabat, mid-18th century, 12 1/2 x 17 1/2 inches (31.8 x 44.5 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftIndonesia, Sumatra, south central Lampung region, Lampung people, Ceremonial Banner, 18th century, cotton, beads, nassa shells, fiber, length 48 1/2 inches (123.2 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. This banner is of a type called a "ship cloth", and is perhaps the finest surviving example.

 

see thumbnail to rightGhana, Blanket, 19th century, cotton, wool, 51 inches x 10 feet (129.5 x 304.8 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See African art.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftUnited States, Arizona, Navajo peoples, Wearing Blanket, 1860-70, wool, 69 x 48 inches (175.3 x 121.9 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightUnited States, New York, Crazy Quilt, c. 1890, silk, velvet, ribbons, cotton, 60 3/4 x 52 inches (154.3 cm x 132.1 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 

 

 

 

see thumbnail to leftDesigned by William Morris (British, 1834-1896), made/manufactured by Morris and Company, Merton Abbey, England, Length of Printed Cotton, 19th-20th century, cotton, 8 feet 7 1/2 x 38 1/4 inches (262.9 x 97.2 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. See Arts and Crafts Movement.

 

 

 

see thumbnail to rightAnni Albers (born Analise Fleischman, married Josef Albers) (German, 1899-1994), Design for Wall Hanging, 1926, gouache and pencil on paper, 14 x 11 1/2 inches (35.6 x 29.2 cm), Museum of Modern Art, NY. See Bauhaus and design.

 

 

see thumbnail to leftClaire Zeisler (American, 1903-1991), Tri-Color Arch, 1983-84, hemp, synthetic fiber, top: 74 x 11 inches (183 x 27.9 cm), height of bottom 58 inches (147.3 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.

 




Related Links:

 

 

Also see basket, canvas, chinoiserie, costume, embroidery, Index of American Design, mola, Mughal dynasty, sampler, tapestry, tartan, and wire.

 

 

 

 

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