ArtLex Art Dictionary




vvase - A usually round vessel which is deeper than it is wide. It can be decorative, functional, or both.





see thumbnail to leftGreek, Attic, attributed to Oltos, Psykter, c. 520-510 BCE, Archaic, red-figure, terra cotta, height 11 7/8 inches (30.20 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY. A psyker is a Greek vase for cooling wine when it is partly submerged inside of a krater filled with icey water.


Among the types of Greek vases are the amphora, panathenaic amphora, hydria, pelike, volute and calyx kraters, lekythos, and kylix. Also see kantharos.




see thumbnail to rightGreece, Apulia, South Italy, attributed to the Painter of Louvre MNB 1148, about 330 BCE, Red-Figure Loutrophoros (Type I) with Ovoid Body, terra cotta, height 35 1/2 inches, diameter (rim) 10 1/2 inches (h. 90.1 cm, d. 26.0 cm), J. Paul Getty Museum, Malibu, CA.




see thumbnail to leftJapan, "Sue Potter," Kofun Period, 7th century, Tall-necked vase, excavated from Kaniana Tumulus, Toba-shi, Mie, glazed pottery, height 55.7, mouth diameter 24.0 cm, Tokyo National Museum. Japanese authorities consider this to be an "Important Cultural Property." See Japanese art.



see thumbnail to rightDutch, Delft Vase, 1700-1725, ceramic, Minneapolis Institute of Arts. See cobalt.




see thumbnail to leftNicholas Lecroux (Belgium, Tournay, 1733-99), Pair of Potpourri Vases, c. 1760, porcelain, height 9 inches (22.9 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art.



see thumbnail to rightFrance, Sèvres, Royal Porcelain Factory, about 1769, Pair of Lidded Vases, painted reserves attributed to Jean-Baptiste-Etienne Genest, porcelain painter, soft-paste porcelain, blue Fallot ground, gilding, gilt-bronze mounts, 3 feet 6 1/4 x 3 feet 3 3/4 x 1 foot 2 inches (107.3 x 101 x 35.5 cm), J. Paul Getty Museum, Malibu, CA. See French art.




see thumbnail to leftJohn Bennett (American, 1840-1907, New York, NY), Vase, 1882, earthenware, 11 inches x 11 inches (27.9 x 27.9 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.





see thumbnail to rightAttributed to George Prentiss Kendrick (United States, 1850-1919), Handled Vase, 1898-1902, stoneware, glaze, height 11 inches (27.94 cm), diameter 9 1/4 inches (23.5 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art. See Art Nouveau.





see thumbnail to leftGeorge Edgar Ohr (American, 1857-1918), Vase, c. 1888-1894, earthenware, height 7 1/4 inches (18.42 cm), diameter 4 7/8 inches (12.38 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art.





see thumbnail to rightFrank Lloyd Wright (American, 1867-1959) designer, James A. Miller and Brother, fabricators, Weed Vase, designed c. 1893, fabricated c. 1898, copper, 29 1/2 x 4 1/8 x 4 1/8 inches (74.93 x 10.48 x 10.48 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art.








see thumbnail to leftUniversity City Pottery (United States, 1909-1915), Frederick Hurten Rhead (American, born England, 1880-1942), Vase, 1911, earthenware, 17 1/4 x 5 1/8 inches (43.82 x 13.02 cm), Los Angeles County Museum of Art.






see thumbnail to rightDante Marioni (American, Seattle, 1964-), Yellow Leaf Vase, 1994, glass, 32 1/4 x 7 1/2 x 2 1/4 inches, diameter [foot] 6 inches (80.6 x 18.8 x 5.6 cm, diameter [foot] 15 cm), Cincinnati Art Museum, OH.




Vases were of great importance in ancient Greece, made in numerous conventional shapes, each designed for a specific function, these designs standardized in to varying degrees, many variations depending on the period and region in which it was produced. The names of vase shapes include: alabastron, amphora, askos, cantharus, hydria, kiathos, krater, kylix, lagynos, lekythos [or lecythus], loutrophoros, oinochoe, olpe, pithos, psyker, pyxis, rhyton, skyphos, and stamnos.






Also see ikebana and niche.




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